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Candy Mah JonggDer Name „Mah-Jongg“ (auch Mahjongg oder Mahjong) bezeichnet dabei den Hanfsperling, eine Vogelart, die einen der traditionellen Spielsteine ziert. Seit. Das Spiel ist bei uns als Mahjong, Mahjongg oder auch Mah Jongg bekannt, das ist die chinesische Bezeichnung für den Sperling, der auf dem ersten Spielstein. Mah-Jongg, auch Mahjongg oder Mahjong genannt, ist ein altes chinesisches Spiel für vier Personen.
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Mahjongg Dimensions Candy. The new rules are highly pattern-based. The rulebook contains 81 combinations, based on patterns and scoring elements popular in classic and modern regional Chinese variants; some table practices of Japan have also been adopted.
Points for flower tiles each flower is worth one point may not be added until the player has scored eight points.
The winner of a game receives the score from the player who discards the winning tile, plus eight basic points from each player; in the case of zimo self-drawn win , he receives the value of this round plus eight points from all players.
The new rules were first used in an international tournament in Tokyo , where, in , the first global tournament in Mahjong was organized by the Mahjong Museum, the Japan Mahjong Organizing Committee, and the city council of Ningbo, China.
One hundred players participated, mainly from Japan and China, but also from Europe and the United States. Mai Hatsune, from Japan, became the first world champion.
The following year saw the first annual China Mahjong Championship, held in Hainan; the next two annual tournaments were held in Hong Kong and Beijing.
Most players were Chinese; players from other nations attended as well. In , the first Open European Mahjong Championship  was held in the Netherlands, with players.
The competition was won by Masato Chiba from Japan. The second European championship  in Copenhagen was attended by players and won by Danish player Martin Wedel Jacobsen.
There were participants. This organization held its first World Mahjong Championship in November in the Chinese town of Chengdu , attended by participants from all over the world.
MJM tournaments host between and participants at these larger events; and there are several smaller scale, but equally successful tournaments held annually by other hosts.
Prize pools are based on the number participating. Rules are based on the National Mah Jongg League standard rules.
Mahjong is based on draw-and-discard card games that were popular in 18th and 19th century China, some of which are still popular today. Each deck is divided into three suits of Cash or coins, Strings of cash, and Myriads of strings.
There are nine ranks in each suit. In addition, there are three wild cards : Red flower , White flower , and Old thousand.
Depending on the game, there are multiple copies of each card. Games scholar David Parlett has written that the Western card games Conquian and Rummy share a common origin with Mahjong.
Khanhoo is an early example of such a game. It is not known when the conversion from cards to tiles took place precisely but it most likely occurred in the middle of the 19th century.
The earliest surviving tile sets date to around and were acquired in Fuzhou , Shanghai , and Ningbo.
In their place were "king" tiles for heaven, earth, man, and harmony and also for each of the 4 "winds" which may have acted as bonus tiles.
Instead there were the wild cards known as Cash Flower, String Flower, and Myriad Flower plus an additional tile, the king of everything.
These early jokers are still found in the Vietnamese and Thai sets. The ban on gambling after the founding of the People's Republic in led to a decline in playing.
The game itself was banned during the Cultural Revolution — In , British sinologist William Henry Wilkinson wrote a paper which mentioned a set of cards known in central China by the name of ma chioh , literally, hemp sparrow, which he maintained was the origin of the term Mahjong.
He did not explain the dialect of the originator or region specific etymology of this information. The game was imported to the United States in the s.
It became a success in Washington, D. This was the earliest version of Mahjong known in America. Babcock had learned Mahjong while living in China.
His rules simplified the game to make it easier for Americans to take up, and his version was common through the Mahjong fad of the s. Later, when the s fad died out, many of Babcock's simplifications were abandoned.
The game has taken on a number of trademarked names, such as "Pung Chow" and the "Game of Thousand Intelligences".
Mahjong nights in America often involved dressing and decorating rooms in Chinese style. Many variants of Mahjong developed during this period.
By the s, many revisions of the rules developed that were substantially different from Babcock's classical version including some that were considered fundamentals in other variants, such as the notion of a standard hand.
The most common form, which eventually became "American Mahjong", was most popular among Jewish women. Many consider the modern American version a Jewish remake,  as many American Mahjong players are of Jewish descent.
In , this large scale seagoing event hosted its 25th Silver Anniversary Cruise, with players from all over the States and Canada participating.
In , a second organization was formed, the American Mah Jongg Association. Millington revived the Chinese classical game of the s with his book The Complete Book of Mah-jongg This handbook includes a formal rules set for the game.
There are many governing bodies which often host exhibition games and tournaments for modern and traditional Mahjong gaming.
Mahjong, as of , is the most popular table game in Japan. Saki and Akagi devoted to dramatic and comic situations involving Mahjong.
Newer units can connect with other arcade machines across the Internet. Mahjong culture is still deeply ingrained in the Chinese community.
Sam Hui wrote Cantopop songs using Mahjong as their themes, and Hong Kong movies have often included scenes of Mahjong games.
Many gambling movies have been filmed in Hong Kong, and a recent subgenre is the Mahjong movie. Although the popularity of the game in China is still broad, since , mahjong was frowned upon by the government because it is seen as a means of gambling addiction, an issue that the government always sought to tackle.
Prolonged playing of Mahjong may trigger epileptic seizures according to a study. Some doctors speculate that this may be due to stress and complex manual movement correlated with intense brain function similar to playing chess or card games such as poker.
Studies by doctors have also shown in Hong Kong that the game is beneficial for individuals suffering from dementia or cognitive memory difficulties, leading to the development of Mahjong therapy.
Mahjong was also adapted into several puzzle video games such as Mahjong Trails , listed as one of the top-grossing games on Facebook.
Even though both skill and chance play a fundamental role in the game, there is no shortage of superstitions in which players believe where they sit, how they hold their pieces or objects they have on their person will somehow affect the outcome.
For example, players will try to find seats with the best Feng Shui or wear their lucky clothing or trinkets.
Some believe that specific pieces one dot for example bode bad luck if received in their opening hand.
More elaborate superstitions in Mahjong range from those found in the game poker, like not counting one's wins and losses, to the comical, like changing one's undergarments after a loss.
As with all superstitions in gaming, none of them have been properly demonstrated as effective, though, for some, the rituals have become an integral part of the game experience and its aesthetics.
Mahjong tiles were added to the Unicode Standard in April, with the release of version 5. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
Redirected from Mah-Jongg. Tile-based game. This article is about the four-player tile-based game. For the tile-matching solitaire game, see Mahjong solitaire.
For others uses, see Mahjong disambiguation. Main article: Mahjong tiles. Main article: Hong Kong Mahjong scoring rules.
Play media. Main article: Mahjong solitaire. Main article: Mahjong Tiles Unicode block. China portal Asia portal Games portal. World Series of Mahjong.
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Is my set complete? Retrieved 16 May Win Mahjong. Retrieved 29 December The American Anthropologist. The New York Times. Harper, , ch.
The World of Japanese Comics. Kodansha, , Chapter 5. The Burn-In. Retrieved 5 August Chang; Raymond T. Cheung; S. BBC News. South China Morning Post.
Retrieved 19 February Int J Geriatr Psychiatry. Retrieved 8 November Archived from the original on 6 April Retrieved 30 November Another twist to the classic Mah Jongg puzzle game.
Match pieces to ultimately remove all of them. This is a Mahjong game for children. The cartoon characters are familiar to everybody, aren't you?
This is the Looney Tunes Mahjong. Also Try Mahjong Mahjong Solitaire is a tile matching puzzle game. Additionally, you may also match flower tiles with other flower tiles, and season tiles with other season tiles--even if they don't have identical faces: flower tiles season tiles Mahjong is a strategy game, so it's best to think about your moves before you do them.
Seasonal Mahjong Games Mahjong. Spring Mahjong. Summer Mahjong. Fall Mahjong. Winter Mahjong. Christmas Mahjong.